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Pantheon

Holiday Travel Guide
Pantheon showing a square or plaza, heritage architecture and a city

One of ancient Rome’s greatest achievements combines momentous history and inspired architecture.

In a capital blessed with a wealth of world-famous architecture, this 2,000-year-old temple stands as one of the greatest monuments to the power and ambition of the Roman Empire.

Although originally built in the 1st century B.C. under the auspices of Roman general Marcus Agrippa, the Pantheon we see today was actually laid out in the year 126 by famous Roman emperor Hadrian. Despite this, the inscription across its facade credits its first commissioner, reading “Marcus Agrippa, son of Lucius, made this building when consul for the third time.”

Famed for its portico of eight striking granite Corinthian columns, with another eight behind — all supporting a vast triangular pediment — the main temple building is actually a rotunda, topped with what remains the largest non-reinforced concrete dome on earth. The diameter of the rotunda is 142 feet (43 meters) and its height from checkerboard marble floor to lofty dome apex is exactly the same. While the dome above is the feature that gains the most attention, take time to look down at the floor, unchanged since Roman times.

First built as a temple to the Ancient Roman gods (a translation of “pantheon” is “for all gods”), the structure has been used as a Roman Catholic church since the early 7th century. This Christian conversion had an enormous influence on the interior decor of the structure. From the many Renaissance masterpieces now adorning the curved walls of the rotunda to all the noteworthy Christians buried in its tomb (including Italian king Umberto I and famous artist Raphael), the Pantheon beautifully brings together Roman mythology and Christian dogma.

With millions of tourists exploring the far-from-spacious monument every single year, expect lines stretching across Piazza della Rotonda every day. However long it takes, there is no doubt that the Pantheon is worth the wait.

The Pantheon is in central Rome and is open seven days a week. As the streets in the area are too narrow for buses, the best way to get to the Pantheon is by taxi or on foot. Some buses do get fairly close if you are up for a short walk.

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Top Trending Hotels Near Pantheon

Hotel Nazionale
Hotel Nazionale
4 out of 5
Piazza Montecitorio, 131, Rome, RM
The price is £121 per night from 6 Aug to 6 Aug
Located in Rome Historic Centre, this hotel is within a 5-minute walk of Via del Corso and Pantheon. Trevi Fountain and Piazza Navona are also within 10 minutes. ...
4.6/5Wonderful! (977 reviews)
"I love the view of the city. Great place to stay in. It was a little odd to be staying in front of the parliment for Italy so a few protest happen during thr morning. A lot of police presence so its a bit if a change to the usual hotel. Overall I liked it."

Reviewed on 23 Jul 2021

Hotel Nazionale
Albergo Del Senato
Albergo Del Senato
3 out of 5
Piazza Della Rotonda 73, Rome, RM
The price is £156 per night from 6 Aug to 6 Aug
Located in Rome Historic Centre, this hotel is within a 5-minute walk of Pantheon and Piazza Navona. Trevi Fountain and Piazza di Spagna are also within 15 minutes. ...
4.8/5Exceptional! (987 reviews)
"Excellent in all aspects."

Reviewed on 22 Jul 2021

Albergo Del Senato
Anantara Palazzo Naiadi Rome Hotel
Anantara Palazzo Naiadi Rome Hotel
5 out of 5
Piazza Della Repubblica, 47, Rome, RM
The price is £246 per night from 28 Aug to 28 Aug
Located in Rome Historic Centre, this luxury hotel is steps away from Via XX Settembre, Via Nazionale and Piazza della Repubblica. Via Veneto and Teatro dell'Opera ...
4.5/5Wonderful! (985 reviews)
"The service was great. The concierge, Julia, was excellent, in helping with my travel to the next city. In fact, everyone was very helpful and cheerful. A great place to sta."

Reviewed on 19 Jul 2021

Anantara Palazzo Naiadi Rome Hotel
Lowest nightly price found within the past 24 hours based on a 1 night stay for 2 adults. Prices and availability subject to change. Additional terms may apply.

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Top Hotel Deals

The Hive Hotel
The Hive Hotel
4 out of 5
Via Torino 6, Rome, Roma
The price is £79 per night from 22 Aug to 22 Aug
The Hive Hotel
Hotel Nazionale
Hotel Nazionale
4 out of 5
Piazza Montecitorio, 131, Rome, RM
The price is £121 per night from 6 Aug to 6 Aug
Hotel Nazionale
Albergo Del Senato
Albergo Del Senato
3 out of 5
Piazza Della Rotonda 73, Rome, RM
The price is £156 per night from 6 Aug to 6 Aug
Albergo Del Senato
Anantara Palazzo Naiadi Rome Hotel
Anantara Palazzo Naiadi Rome Hotel
5 out of 5
Piazza Della Repubblica, 47, Rome, RM
The price is £246 per night from 28 Aug to 28 Aug
Anantara Palazzo Naiadi Rome Hotel
Best Western Plus Hotel Universo
Best Western Plus Hotel Universo
4 out of 5
Via Principe Amedeo 5/B, Rome, RM
The price is £90 per night from 1 Aug to 1 Aug
Best Western Plus Hotel Universo
Terrace Pantheon Relais
Terrace Pantheon Relais
4 out of 5
Via di Torre Argentina, 18, Rome, RM
The price is £107 per night from 24 Aug to 24 Aug
Terrace Pantheon Relais
Hotel Abruzzi
Hotel Abruzzi
3 out of 5
Piazza Della Rotonda 69, Rome, RM
The price is £90 per night from 19 Aug to 19 Aug
Hotel Abruzzi
UNAHOTELS Decò Roma
UNAHOTELS Decò Roma
4 out of 5
Via Giovanni Amendola, 57, Rome, RM
The price is £97 per night from 18 Aug to 18 Aug
UNAHOTELS Decò Roma
Hotel Artemide
Hotel Artemide
4 out of 5
Via Nazionale 22, Rome, RM
The price is £120 per night from 2 Aug to 2 Aug
Hotel Artemide
Lowest nightly price found within the past 24 hours based on a 1 night stay for 2 adults. Prices and availability subject to change. Additional terms may apply.