Start your exploration of Malta in Valletta, the capital of the country. The city was founded in honour of the Grand Master of the Order of Malta, Jean Parisot de la Valette Malta, after he had successfully defended the island against a siege by the Ottoman army. Visit the St. John's Cathedral, a breathtaking edifice built and decorated by the Hospitallers. The floor is inlaid with marble tombstones, while works by Caravaggio and other famous artists hang on the walls, amongst the other impressive collection of art treasures.
Visit Casa Rocca Piccola, a sixteenth-century palace full of antique furniture and ancient art. If military history interests you, you should definitely visit the National War Museum, where you will learn about Malta's long and fascinating involvement in European and global conflicts – especially its heroic effort holding out against the Luftwaffe during World War II. Check out Fort Rinella, a preserved British colonial fort and visit the Lascaris War Rooms to learn even more about the role of Malta in World War II.
Take a tour of the old city of Mdina, a perfectly preserved medieval town. Stroll through narrow streets between houses and churches. For a real dose of history, visit Hal Saflieni Hypogeum in Paola, an underground necropolis that’s over 5,000 years old. Take the ferry to Gozo and explore the megalithic temples of Ggantija, some of the oldest freestanding monuments in the world, which are on the UNESCO World Heritage List.
Malta is one of the smallest countries in the world, but thanks to its strategic location, the island has played an important role in European history. Over the centuries it has been occupied by numerous powers, including the Greeks, Romans, French and British. The cultural history is just as impressive as the diversity, so you definitely do not have to worry that you’ll run out of things to see or do.