The Roman past of the Lower Rhine comes alive during a city trip to Neuss which also impresses with magnificent historic buildings from the Middle Ages.
Neuss is located on the banks of the Rhine, right opposite Düsseldorf, the capital of the state of North Rhine-Westphalia. The Romans built the first fortification to the south-east of today’s city centre around 16 BC. Around the year 1190, Neuss was officially designated as city in a certificate provided by the Holy Roman Emperor Henry VI. Remains of a Roman apsis were found underneath today’s Quirinius-Münster. The cathedral in late Romanesque style is one of the most popular sights for visitors on a city trip to Neuss and represents the city’s landmark with its distinct dome-shaped east tower. In 2009, the church was designated as Basilica Minor by Pope Benedict XVI. Among the precious artefacts of the church is the Shrine of Quirinius containing the relics of the Roman tribune of the same name, a fine statue of the Virgin Mary from 1430 and masterfully crafted choir stalls from the 15th century.
Close to Oberstrasse in the centre of Neuss, the impressive head gate rises into the sky with its two massive, tin-crowned round towers. Inside the 13th-century southern city gate, the exhibition of the Middle Ages in the Clemens-Sels Museum provides an exciting account of the city’s history. While on your mini-break, be sure to also visit the main building of the museum in the vicinity of the head gate. It impresses visitors with significant works of art from the Middle Ages to the Baroque. The museum is also well-known for its Dutch paintings and those of Rhenish expressionists.
Ski enthusiasts will also enjoy a city trip to Neuss. In 2001, the Ski Hall Neuss opened on the south-western edge of the city and houses winter sports facilities, restaurants, a hotel as well as an outside climbing park. Winter fun is guaranteed on the 300-metre long ski run and the two sled runs. A four-person chairlift as well as tow lifts provide comfortable transportation. Beginners can book ski and snowboard courses at a ski school on site.
Another popular destination during a short trip to Neuss is the excavation site of the former Roman Legion Camp, Castrum Novaesium, in the district of Gnadental. The much visited ground monument is the most famous military camp of its kind along the Rhine. It also formed part of the lower Germanic Limes. An insightful tour of the fascinating columns, gravestones and stelae is a must during your travels.
The south-eastern district Uedesheim extends into the natural meadow habitat area Uedesheimer Rheinbogen. The nature reserve with its rich flora and fauna invites visitors to enjoy a relaxing excursion during a city trip to Neuss. Expansive meadows are home to rare flowering plants and the picturesque small bodies of water to a number of insects and birds.