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Minin and Pozharsky Monument

Discover the history behind this iconic Red Square statue, which was erected to celebrate a 1612 victory over Polish forces.

The Minin and Pozharsky Monument might look familiar, but you probably won’t know the epic story behind it. The sculpture depicts two men, Prince Dmitry Pozharsky and a butcher named Kuzma Minin, who were instrumental in defeating the invading Poles. Visit this enduring symbol of Russian power and learn more about the two men it honors.

Created by architect Ivan Martos, this statue first graced Red Square in 1818, although the events it memorializes happened much earlier, in 1612. During the early 17th century, the Polish attacked Russian troops, but Russian leaders Minin and Pozharsky rallied their men to victory. Note the positioning of the sculpture on the square. It once sat directly in the middle, but it was in the way of Communist gatherings and was moved to the fringes instead.

The monument now stands outside St. Basil’s Cathedral. At about 30 feet (9 meters) tall, it is an arresting sight from any point on the square. Inspect the detail of the monument’s bas-reliefs, which will tell you more about the story of Minin and Pozharsky. One scene depicts Novogorod’s men being offered as soldiers and another shows Poles trying to escape from the victorious Russians. Look for an inscription chiseled into the stone in Russian. This translates as: “To Citizen Minin and Prince Pozharsky, from a grateful Russia.”

Turn your gaze skyward to see the two men who are the centerpiece of the sculpture. Minin, the butcher, is handing a sword to Pozharsky. He also gestures toward the Kremlin, but his eyes are fixed intently on his comrade. Pozharsky, meanwhile, looks into the distance while holding a shield bearing an image of Jesus.

The Minin and Pozharsky Monument is located on Red Square, which hosts several other top Moscow attractions, such as the political power house of the Kremlin and Lenin’s Mausoleum. Take the metro to Ploshchad Revolyutsii to reach Red Square.


Guide to Exploring Minin and Pozharsky Monument


Top Minin and Pozharsky Monument Flight + Hotel Deals

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Marriott Moscow Grand Hotel £47
Marriott Moscow Grand Hotel

Marriott Moscow Grand Hotel

26/1, Tverskaya Street, Moscow
     
    5.0 out of 5.0 Stars

    Located in Tverskoy, this luxury hotel is within 1 mile (2 km) of Tchaikovsky Concert Hall, Bolshoi Theatre and Moscow Kremlin. Red Square and St. Basil's Cathedral are also within 2 miles (3 km). Mayakovskaya Station is only a 2-minute walk and Tverskaya Station is 7 minutes.

    Hotel National, a Luxury Collection Hotel, Moscow £118
    Hotel National, a Luxury Collection Hotel, Moscow

    Hotel National, a Luxury Collection Hotel, Moscow

    15/1 Mokhovaya Street, bld. 1, Moscow
       
      5.0 out of 5.0 Stars

      Located in Moscow City Centre, this luxury hotel is within a 15-minute walk of State Historical Museum, Lenin's Mausoleum and Bolshoi Theatre. Red Square and Kremlin Armoury Museum are also within 15 minutes. Biblioteka Imeni Lenina Station is 7 minutes by foot and Okhotny Ryad Station is 8 minutes.

      Hotel Metropol Moscow £182
      Hotel Metropol Moscow

      Hotel Metropol Moscow

      2 Teatralny Proezd, Moscow
         
        5.0 out of 5.0 Stars

        Located in Moscow City Centre, this luxury hotel is within a 5-minute walk of Maly Theatre and Bolshoi Theatre. TsUM — Central Universal Department Store and Revolution Square are also within 10 minutes. Teatral'naya Station is 6 minutes by foot and Lubyanka Station is 6 minutes.

        Hotel Savoy Moscow £87
        Hotel Savoy Moscow

        Hotel Savoy Moscow

        3/6, bld.1, Rozhdestvenka Street, Moscow
           
          5.0 out of 5.0 Stars

          Located in Moscow City Centre, this luxury hotel is within a 10-minute walk of TsUM — Central Universal Department Store and Bolshoi Theatre. Moscow Kremlin and Red Square are also within 15 minutes. Kuznetsky Bridge Station is only a 2-minute walk and Lubyanka Station is 5 minutes.

          Peter 1 Hotel £74
          Peter 1 Hotel

          Peter 1 Hotel

          17 bldg. 1, Neglinnaya St, Moscow
             
            5.0 out of 5.0 Stars

            Located in Moscow City Centre, this luxury hotel is within a 5-minute walk of Sanduny Bath House and TsUM — Central Universal Department Store. Bolshoi Theatre and Moscow Museum of Modern Art are also within 10 minutes. Trubnaya Station is 6 minutes by foot and Kuznetsky Bridge Station is 6 minutes.

            Ararat Park Hyatt Moscow £207
            Ararat Park Hyatt Moscow

            Ararat Park Hyatt Moscow

            Neglinnaya Street No 4, Moscow
               
              5.0 out of 5.0 Stars

              This family-friendly Moscow hotel is located in the historical district, within a 5-minute walk of Maly Theatre and Bolshoi Theatre. Moscow Kremlin and Red Square are also within 15 minutes. Kuznetsky Bridge Station and Teatral'naya Station are within a 5-minute walk.

              Four Seasons Hotel Moscow £411
              Four Seasons Hotel Moscow

              Four Seasons Hotel Moscow

              2 Okhotny Ryad Street, Moscow
                 
                5.0 out of 5.0 Stars

                Located in Moscow City Centre, this luxury hotel is within a 5-minute walk of State Historical Museum and Bolshoi Theatre. Lenin's Mausoleum and Red Square are also within 10 minutes. Okhotny Ryad Station is only a 2-minute walk and Teatral'naya Station is 2 minutes.

                Hotel Baltschug Kempinski Moscow £130
                Hotel Baltschug Kempinski Moscow

                Hotel Baltschug Kempinski Moscow

                Ul. Balchug 1, Moscow
                   
                  5.0 out of 5.0 Stars

                  Located in Moscow City Centre, this luxury hotel is within a 10-minute walk of Zaryadye Park, Moscow Kremlin, and St. Basil's Cathedral. Red Square and Lenin's Mausoleum are also within 15 minutes. Novokuznetskaya Station is 8 minutes by foot and Tretyakovskaya Station is 10 minutes.